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May 20, 2008 | Volume 2 | Number 3
May 20, 2008
Whether making the business case to key stakeholders, putting together a presentation or looking for high-impact statistics to include in your organization’s communications, reliable information about healthy workplace issues and practices is hard to come by. We’ve compiled some of the facts you need in your back pocket.
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Accenture. (2006, February). Are your harried employees enjoying life or headed to the doctor’s office? Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.accenture.com/Global/Research_and_Insights/By_Subject/Workforce_Performance/AreOffice.htm
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2008, April). Mental health woes remain one of the top reasons for doctor visits. Retrieved May 19, 2008, from http://www.ahrq.gov/research/apr08/0408RA33.htm
American Psychological Association. (2007, October 4). Stress in America. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://apahelpcenter.mediaroom.com/file.php/138/Stress+in+America+REPORT+FINAL.doc
American Psychological Association. (2008, March 10). Top employers show investing in health and well-being leads to business success. Retrieved May 5, 2008, from http://apahelpcenter.mediaroom.com/file.php/146/National%2BPHWA%2B2008%2BRelease.doc
American Psychological Association. (2008, March 10). [Graph] Psychologically healthy workplaces have lower turnover, less stress and higher satisfaction. Retrieved May 5, 2008, from http://apahelpcenter.mediaroom.com/file.php/145/phwa_chart_08_lg.pdf
Anderson, D. R., Whitmer, R. W., Goetzel, R. Z., Ozminkowski, R. J., Wasserman, J., Serxner, S., & Health Enhancement Research Organization (HERO) Research Committee. (2000). The relationship between modifiable health risks and group-level health care expenditures. American Journal of Health Promotion, 15, 45-52.
AOL. (2007, July 25). Think you might be addicted to email? You’re not alone. AOL’s third annual “Email Addiction” survey. Retrieved April 3, 2008, from http://corp.aol.com/press_releases/2007/07/think-you-might-be-addicted-email-youre-not-alone
Bassi, L. J., Ludwig, J., McMurrer, D. P., & Van Buren, M. (2000). Profiting from learning: Do firms’ investments in education and training pay off? American Society for Training & Development White Paper. Retrieved April 2, 2008, from
Bond, J. T., Thompson, C., Galinsky, E., & Prottas, D. (2002). Highlights of the national study of the changing workforce. No. 3. New York, NY: Families and Work Institute.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2001). [Table R67] Number and percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by nature of injury or illness and number of days away from work, 2001. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/osh/case/ostb1222.pdf
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2007, October 16). Workplace injuries and illnesses in 2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/osh.pdf
CareerBuilder.com. (2007, June 11). Thirty-seven percent of working dads would leave their jobs if their family could afford it, CareerBuilder.com’s annual Father’s Day survey finds. Retrieved March 8, 2008, from http://www.careerbuilder.com/share/aboutus/pressreleasesdetail.aspx?id=pr375&sd=6%2f11%2f2007&ed=6%2f11%2f2099&siteid=cbpr375&sc_cmp1=cb_pr375_
CareerBuilder.com (2008, May 7). Forty-three percent of working moms would take a pay cut to spend more time with their kids, CareerBuilder.com’s annual Mother’s Day survey finds. Retrieved May 20, 2008, from
Casper, W. J., Martin, J. A., Buffardi, L. C., & Erdwins, C. J. (2002). Work-family conflict, perceived organizational support, and organizational commitment among employed mothers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7, 99-108.
Chapman, L. S. (2005, July/August). Meta-evaluation of worksite health promotion economic return studies: 2005 update. American Journal of Health Promotion, 19(6), 1-11. Retrieved April 2, 2008, from
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2003). Costs of Chronic Disease. Retrieved May 19, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/overview.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007, April 27). Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses — United States, 2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Retrieved May 19, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5616.pdf
ComPsych Corporation. (2007, December 17). Poll: 83% of workers say they work while sick, up from 77 percent previously. Retrieved April 3, 2008, from
ComPsych Corporation. (2008, March 24). Employees take a “mental health day” for family issues more than work stress. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.compsych.com/jsp/en_US/content/pressRelease/2008/mentalHealthDay.jsp
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate. (2007, March 20). S. 558 mental health parity act of 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2008 from: http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/78xx/doc7894/s558.pdf
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate. (2007). H.R. 1424 Paul Wellstone Mental Health and Addiction Equity Act of 2007As ordered reported by the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on October 16, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2008 from: http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/88xx/doc8837/hr1424ec.pdf
Deloitte. (2007, April 16). 2007 Deloitte survey: the critical balance relationship between work-life balance and ethical behaviour. Retrieved May 3, 2008, from http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/article/0,1002,sid%253D171726%2526cid%253D191011,00.html
DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith. (2007). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2006 (Publication No. P60-233). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved March 8, 2008, from http://www.census.gov/prod/2007pubs/p60-233.pdf
Employers Health Coalition. (2000). The hidden competitive edge. Employee health and productivity. Newton, MA: Managed Care Communications, Inc.
Frone, M. R. (2000). Work-family conflict and employee psychiatric disorders: The national comorbidity survey. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 888-895.
Frone, M. R. (2006). Prevalence and distribution of alcohol use and impairment in the workplace: A U.S. national survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67, 147-156.
Frone, M. R., Russell, M., & Barnes, G. M. (1996). Work-family conflict, gender and health-related outcomes: A study of employed parents in two community samples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 57-69.
Galinsky, E., Bond, J. T., Kim, S. S., Backon, L., Brownfield, E., & Sakai, K. (2005). Overwork in America: When the way we work becomes too much. Executive summary. New York, NY: Families and Work Institute. Retrieved March 10, 2008, from http://www.familiesandwork.org/summary/overwork2005.pdf
Goetzel, R. Z., Anderson, D. R., Whitmer, R. W., Ozminkowski, R. J., Dunn, R. L., Wasserman, J., & The Health Enhancement Research Organization (HERO) Research Committee. (1998). The relationship between modifiable health risks and health care expenditures: An analysis of the multi-employer HERO health risk and cost database. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 40(10), 843-854.
Goff, S. J., Mount, M. K., & Jamison, R. L. (1990). Employer supported child care, work-family conflict, and absenteeism: A field study. Personnel Psychology, 43, 793-809.
Grandey, A. & Cropanzano, R. (1999). The conservation of resources model and work-family conflict and strain. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 350-370.
Greenhaus, J. H., Parasuraman, S., & Collins, K. M. (2001). Career involvement and family involvement as moderators of relationships between work-family conflict and withdrawal from a profession. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6, 91-100.
Guardian Life Insurance Company of America. (2008). Benefits & Behavior: Spotlight on Group Medical. Retrieved March 21, 2008, from
Hewitt Associates. (2004). Research brief: Employee engagement higher at double-digit growth companies. Retrieved April 2, 2008, from
Higgins, C. A., Duxbury, L. E., & Irving, R. H. (1992). Work-family conflict and the dual-career family. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 51, 51-75.
International Labour Organization. (2007, June). Working time around the world – One in five workers worldwide are putting in “excessive” hours: New ILO study spotlights working time in over 50 countries. Retrieved May 5, 2008, from http://www.ilo.org/global/About_the_ILO/Media_and_public_information/Press_releases/lang — en/WCMS_082827/index.htm
Kaiser Family Foundation & Health Research and Educational Trust. (2007). Employer health benefits 2007 annual survey. Retrieved March 28, 2008, from http://www.kff.org/insurance/7672/upload/76723.pdf
Kaye, B. & Jordan-Evans, S. (2008). Love ‘em or Lose ‘em: Getting good people to stay (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
Kossek, E. E., & Ozeki, C. (1998). Work-family conflict, policies and the job-life satisfaction relationship: A review and directions for organizational behavior-human resources research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 139-149.
Kessler, R. C., Akiskal, H. S., Ames, M., Birnbaum, H., Greenberg, P. A., Robert, M., Jin, R., Merikangas, K. R., Simon, G. E., & Wang, P. S. (2006). Prevalence and effects of mood disorders on work performance in a nationally representative sample of U.S. workers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 1561-1568. Retrieved May 5, 2008, from http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/163/9/1561
Kirchmeyer, C., & Cohen, A. (1999). Different strategies for managing the work/non-work interface: A test for unique pathways to outcomes. Work and Stress, 13, 59-73.
MetLife Mature Market Institute & National Alliance for Caregiving. (2006, July). The MetLife caregiving cost study: Productivity losses to U.S. business. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from
National Business Group on Health and StrategyOne. (2007). Employer survey on smoking cessation, smokers in the workplace: Exploring employers’ understanding and perceptions of the business impact of smoking. Retrieved March 31, 2008 from http://calquits.org/page_attachments/0000/0036/NBGH_Employer_Survey_Summary_Report.PDF
National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). NIDA InfoFacts: Workplace Trends. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/workplace.html
National Safety Council. (2008). Injury Facts 2008 Edition. Itasca, IL: National Safety Council.
Nationwide Better Health. (2007). A survey of American workers on workplace eating habits and physical activity reveals a disconnect between employees believing they are making healthy decisions and evidence of a national obesity epidemic. Retrieved March 21, 2008, from http://www.nationwidebetterhealth.com/docs/media-kit/obesity-in-workplace.pdf
Neal, M. N., & Hammer, L. B. (2007). Working couples caring for children and aging parents: Effects on work-family fit, well-being, and work. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., McDowell, M. A., Tabak, C. J., & Flegal, K. M. (2006). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999-2004. Journal of the American Medical Association, 295, 1549-1555. Retrieved May 19, 2008, from http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/295/13/1549
Randstad. (2006). 2006 Employee Review. Retrieved March 10, 2008, from http://www.us.randstad.com/Review-2006%20pdf.pdf
Randstad. (2007). 2007 World of Work. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from
Rice, D. P., & Miller, L. S. (1996). The economic burden of schizophrenia: Conceptual and methodological issues, and cost estimates. In M. Moscarelli, A. Rupp, & N. Sartorious (Eds.), Handbook of mental health economics and health policy. Vol. 1: Schizophrenia (pp. 321 — 324). New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Rosch, P. J. (Ed.). (2001, March). The quandary of job stress compensation. Health and Stress, 3, 1-4.
Saratoga. (2006). Driving the bottom line: improving retention. White paper. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.pwc.com/Extweb/pwcpublications.nsf/docid/011101638AD69DC38525723400549522/$file/saratoga-improving-retention.pdf
Scandura, T. A., & Lankau, M. J. (1997). Relationships of gender, family responsibility, and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 377-391.
Sengupta, I., Reno, V., & Burton, J. F. (2007, August). Workers’ compensation: benefits, coverage, and costs, 2005. Washington, DC: National Academy of Social Insurance. Retrieved May 19, 2008, from http://www.nasi.org/usr_doc/nasi_workers_comp_2005_full_report.pdf
Simon, G. E., Revicki, D. A., Heiligenstein, J., Grothaus, L., VonKorff, M., Katon, W. J., & Hylan, T. R. (2000). Recovery from depression, work productivity, and health care costs among primary care patients. General Hospital Psychiatry, 22,153-62.
Sirota Survey Intelligence. (2006). High morale again pays off in stock market gains. Retrieved May 5, 2008, from http://www.enthusiasticemployee.com/documents/2006StockPerformanceRelease.pdf
Stewart, W. F., Ricci, J. A., Chee, E., & Morganstein, D. (2003). Lost productive work time costs from health conditions in the United States: results from the American productivity audit. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 45, 1234-1246.
Towers Perrin. (2004). Making health care consumerism work — Aligning employer and employee interests. Retrieved March 21, 2008, from http://www.towersperrin.com/tp/getwebcachedoc?webc=HRS/USA/2004/200408/consumerism_0804.pdf
Towers Perrin. (2008). Closing the engagement gap: A road map for driving superior business performance. Towers Perrin global workforce study 2007-2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008, from http://www.towersperrin.com/tp/showhtml.jsp?url=global/publications/gws/index.htm&country=global
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health.
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2007, August 9). National census of fatal occupational injuries in 2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved May 18, 2008, from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf
Watson Wyatt. (2007). 2007/2008 Staying@work report: Building an effective health & productivity framework executive summary. Retrieved April 2, 2008, from http://www.watsonwyatt.com/us/research/resrender.asp?id=2007-US-0216&page=1
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