APA Center for Organizational Excellence: Abstract Detail: The Path to a Healthy Workplace: A Critical Review Linking Healthy Workplace Practices, Employee Well-being, and Organizational Improvements

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Title

The Path to a Healthy Workplace: A Critical Review Linking Healthy Workplace Practices, Employee Well-being, and Organizational Improvements

Available Online http://content.apa.org/journals/cpb/58/3/129
Publication Date Summer 2006
Author Matthew J. Grawitch, Melanie Gottschalk, David C. Munz
Source Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research
Source Type Journal Article
Summary

This article focuses on a theoretical model that integrates healthy workplace practices, employee health and well-being, and organizational performance. Through a review of research across multiple disciplines, the authors outline the importance of five sets of healthy workplace practices, employee involvement, employee growth and development, work-life balance, health and safety, and employee recognition. The authors then present evidence across a wide variety of studies linking these practices to both organizational effectiveness outcomes (including turnover, healthcare costs, and productivity) and employee health and well-being outcomes (including stress, motivation, and health). The authors then discuss the importance of effective communication mechanisms in the workplace for generating program success. Finally, the authors discuss the importance of aligning specific practices to the organization’s context, including its culture, structure, and strategy.

Keywords Psychologically healthy workplace, employee involvement, health and safety, employee growth and development, employee recognition, work-life balance, organizational effectiveness, communication, employee well-being
Reference

Grawitch, M. J., Gottschalk, M., & Munz, D. C. (2006). The Path to a Healthy Workplace: A Critical Review Linking Healthy Workplace Practices, Employee Well-being, and Organizational Improvements. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research. Vol 58(3) Sum 2006, 129-147.

"A psychologically healthy workplace is the result of comprehensive employee programs which provide a supportive, collaborative environment for innovation and business success. "

Craig R. Paeprer
Director of Operations
IBM Research Division