APA Center for Organizational Excellence: Abstract Detail: Associations of job demands and intelligence with cognitive performance among men in late life

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Title

Associations of job demands and intelligence with cognitive performance among men in late life

Available Online http://www.neurology.org/cgi/content/short/01.w...
Publication Date May 2008
Author Guy G. Potter, Michael J. Helms, and Brenda L. Plassman
Source Neurology
Source Type Journal Article
Summary

This study focuses on the role of cognitively complex tasks in relation to future mental health using a sample of 1,036 World War II veterans that were tested in early adulthood, produced an occupational history, and again were tested in late adulthood. Results revealed that when their occupational history included job characteristics that required general intellectual demands and human interaction, participants’ cognitive functioning in later adulthood benefitted. When occupational history included job characteristics that required physical activity, participants’ cognitive functioning in later adulthood was reduced. Furthermore, if participants had been at the low spectrum of cognitive ability during their initial screening, they received greater cognitive benefits in later adulthood from intellectually-demanding work. Hence, the results indicate that complex, intellectual work requirements can benefit individuals later in life.

Keywords associations, job demands, intelligence, cognitive performance, job characteristics, aging, work life enhancement
Reference

Potter, G. G., Helms, M. J., & Plassman, B. L. (2008). Associations of job demands and intelligence with cognitive performance among men in late life. Neurology, 70, 1803-1808.

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